According to historical records, Guanmiao District was once cultivated land belonging to the Siraya Xingangshe settlement of the Pingpu people. When the Zheng Clan of the Ming Dynasty ruled Taiwan, Han settlers from Taijiang Lagoon (modern day Anping), Xingang River of Suhang (modern day Yanshui River), and upstream areas of Xuxian River (modern day Xuxian River) moved into Xinfeng Village. The farming hamlets created by these settlers were known as Xiangyangshe (the location of Xiao Xiangyang Minshe was already marked in military garrison maps generated by the Zheng Clan). Prince Zheng Chenggong defeated the Dutch in Taiwan and took over the island in the 15th Year of Ming Emperor Yongli. The Prince then initiated the Tuntian (military farming settlement) system to settle and provide for his men. The area of Guanmiao District was under the jurisdiction of Wannian Zhou. In 1718 (57th Year of Qing Emperor Kangxi), the area was put under the jurisdiction of Taiwan County of Taiwan Prefecture. The settlers created a Shanxi Tang to worship Holy Emperor Guan. The areas around the temple were thus named as Miaojiezai (Temple street) or Guandimiao Jie (Emperor Guan's Temple Street). During the reign of Qing Emperor Guangxu, areas were renamed and the district was placed under Anping County of Tainan Prefecture. During the War of Jiawu (First Sino-Japanese War), Taiwan was forcibly ceded to Japan. Guanmiao Distict thus came under the jurisdiction of Tainan Ken during the Japanese Governor Generalship. During the Meiji Era, the area was renamed as Guandimiao Shicho under Tainan Cho. In 1920, the area was named Xinfeng Gun of Tainan Shu. However, later administration reforms re-established the area as Guanmiao Sho placed under the jurisdiction of Xinfeng Gun of Tainan Ken. After the Second World War, the area was again renamed as Guanmiao Township of Tainan County, and later assumed its modern name of Guanmiao District on 25 December 2010.
Guanmiao District is situated at the south of Tainan City. The District is bordered by Sin-hua District to the north, Longci District to the east, Gueiren District to the west, and Alian and Tianliao districts of Kaohsiung City to the south.
Guanmiao is located at the intersection of Jianan Plain and Sin-Hua hills. Most of the District to the north, south, and east are covered by hilly terrain, with the western side having more gentle topography. Xuxian River, a tributary of Yanshui River, flows across the north. The southern side of the district would be the Er-Ren River plains. Guanmiao has a tropical monsoon climate and is covered by bamboo forests. Easily accessible bamboo forests meant that the region once achieved significant prosperity through manufacturing bamboo and rattan ware, giving it the accolade of the Kingdom of Rattan Goods.
Guanmiao is known for Guanmiao San Bao (three treasures of Guanmiao) as a result of its unique natural environment. The three modern treasures are pineapples, green bamboo shoots, and Guanmiao noodles. The three treasures were something else when Taiwan was under the Japanese Governor Generalship. The Japanese employed a policy of agricultural support for industrial development. The three leading produce of the area were thus cane sugar, bamboo ware, and rattan ware.
Sugarcane plantations used to be Taiwan's agricultural lifeblood and the island's most important commercial crop. The bamboo ware industry of Guanmiao was founded during the early Qing era, making it a traditional industry with over 3 centuries of history. The earliest bamboo ware included household utensils and agricultural tools. From 1961 to 1971, Guanmiao's rattan ware and processing facilities became Taiwan's largest center of production. Over 80% of the rattan ware produced in Guanmiao were sold elsewhere. So many manufacturers were built that people said a small workshop could be found every 3 steps, and a sizable facility could be found every 5 steps. Such were the origins of the three original treasures of Guanmiao.
After 1976, area of sugarcane fields and sugar production in Guanmiao area both dropped drastically, while pineapple and bamboo shoot farms expanded in both size and yield during the 1980s. In 1997, then Guanmiao Township Office and the Farmer's Association had to decide upon the region's specialty in response to the One Specialty per Town policy to drive industrial transformation and market local produce. It was during this campaign that pineapples, bamboo shoots, and Guanmiao Noodles became the Modern 3 Treasures of Guanmiao.
Guanmiao is also home to many landmarks and destinations, making it perfect for visitors. These destinations include the renowned Shanxi Gong (a famous religious site) and Qianfo Shan Puti Si (Temple of Bodhi at the Thousand Buddha Mountain). Other famous destinations include Datanbi Park, Old Abode of the Fang Clan, Guanmiao Resting Area of South 2 Highway, golf course off South 1 Highway, and Guanmiao Forest Park. Visitors to Guanmiao can include these locations to their itinerary. Authentic local offerings include pineapples with range chicken, Guanmiao Lumian (noodles in broth), Guanmiao rice cakes, and bamboo feast.
Pineapples and bamboo shoots are leading agricultural specialties of Guanmiao. In order to promote local culture, both the regional government and civil groups have worked together to host pineapple and bamboo cultural festival every summer. A diverse selection of activities are provided to attract visitors to Guanmiao and celebrate the event together. Some of these activities include sampling of gourmet-grade pineapple cakes, exhibits of farm produce, woven bamboo artworks, DIY children's toys, bamboo and rattan craft work exhibits, first-hand experiences in farming life, bamboo ware exhibits, park tours, farm produce and eco-tours, art performances, and cultural banquet.